Basic role of minerals in preventing cancer

Basic role of minerals in preventing cancer
Cancer is a class of disease characterised by cell growth in an uncontrollable manner. There are over 100 different types of cancer and each is classified by the types of cells that are initially affected with. Cancer progression is a multi-step process strongly influenced by the physical properties of tumour's micro-environment. In the membrane of cells, there are pumps that maintain the level of potassium and sodium in the cell. These pumps rely on magnesium ions to function properly. The ionic pump in the cell pushes potassium into the cell and sodium out, which leads to ineffective functioning of the cellular pathway due to the imbalance in the ionic channel which results in acidic condition and low energy production. The acidity in the mitochondria makes the energy production process less efficient resulting in ill health; normal cells could not survive in this condition and die. These dead cells themselves turn into acids and increase the acidity in the cellular environment making the living condition worse for the rest of the cells. However, some of these acidified cells may adapt the environment and survive by becoming abnormal cells which are the malignant cells. Hence, maintenance of a healthy level of minerals including sodium, magnesium and potassium is very important to stay away from the deadly disease called cancer.
How to cite this article:
Geetha Mahendran. Basic role of minerals in preventing cancer. BioLim O-Media. 15 November, 2014. 2(9).
Available from: http://archive.biolim.org/omedia/read/BOMA0063.