Resource of suitable nutrients encourages healing mechanism

Resource of suitable nutrients encourages healing mechanism
Wound healing is a normal physiological process that occurs when skin undergoes impairment. It is a process of four distinct super imposing phases, such as haemostasis, inflammation, proliferation and tissue remodelling. It begins with haemostasis where gathering of blood cells like neutrophils occur to prevent and eradicate bacterial infection and other impurities, followed by macrophages for phagocytosis to kill the bacteria. Once an infection is controlled, proliferation gets initiated by fibroblasts and they secrete collagen matrix. After matrix formation, it enters into final tissue renovation phase. Generally, wounds get healed from the period of weeks to months based on their severity; proper wound care mechanism is essential for the healing of wounds. People with diabetes are prone to chronic wound infections; also, open wounds are easily susceptible to infection hence proper wound care management is essential. Essential supply of macro and micronutrients boosts up the healing process. High intake of proteins supplies necessary amount of amino acids for the formation of new connective tissues. Vitamins play an important role in wound healing process. Thiamine (B1), riboflavin (B2), niacin (B3) and pyridoxine (B6) increase protein metabolism for the generation of amino acids. Riboflavin plays an essential role in the production of antibodies to fight against infection, and pyridoxine increases the absorption of niacin. The role of vitamin C is critical during collagen formation. Collagen is a protein which constitutes amino acids, such as lysine, proline and glycine. Collagen is an important protein for extracellular formation, which is a template for epithelial cell development during tissue recovery. Vitamin C also acts as a co-factor to activate enzyme that involves in the hydroxylation of proline and lysine. Vitamin A plays a role in the formation of epithelial cells during tissue renovation. It maintains the health of epithelial cells of the skin and mucous membrane. Vitamin E also extends a role in collagen formation and fat metabolism. Adequate amount of essential nutrients play a critical role in wound healing processes; hence, intake of proteins and vitamins during injury speeds up the healing process.
How to cite this article:
Madhan R. Resource of suitable nutrients encourages healing mechanism. BioLim O-Media. 10 December, 2014. 2(10).
Available from: http://archive.biolim.org/omedia/read/BOMA0067.