Exosomes and nanotubes in cell signalling

Exosomes and nanotubes in cell signalling
Cells transmit signals and these are responded by other cells, this is known as cell communication. Cell signalling systems play a vital role in the cellular pathway. For the immune cells, it is not only important to communicate with the neighbouring cells but also necessary to interact with all the cell types of the human system for which the cell signalling is very essential. Henceforth, the immune cells are naturally aided with many ways to communicate other cells effectively. Exosomes and tunnelling nanotubes (TNTs) are the channels that the immune cells use for communication. In antigen presentation and gene expression, the TNTs (membranous structure) help to communicate the cells through direct cell-to-cell contact and facilitate the signalling process. Recent research on immune cells has revealed the conflicting and structural features of both exosomes and TNTs. However, further study is required to find the exact mechanism involved in the immune cells to understand the signalling process.
How to cite this article:
Geetha Mahendran. Exosomes and nanotubes in cell signalling . BioLim O-Media. 19 April, 2017. 5(4).
Available from: http://archive.biolim.org/omedia/read/BOMA0247.